Type 1 Diabetes: What Is It?
Your pancreas produces either no insulin at all or very little insulin if you have type 1 diabetes. Your body’s cells can utilise blood sugar as energy with the aid of insulin. Without insulin, blood sugar cannot enter cells and accumulates in the circulation. Numerous diabetes symptoms and complications are brought on by high blood sugar, which harms the body.
Insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes were historically terms used to describe type 1 diabetes. Although it can occur at any age, it typically manifests in kids, teenagers, and young adults.
Approximately 5–10% of patients with diabetes have type 1 diabetes, which is less frequent than type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can be successfully treated by: Although there is now no known way to prevent it,
- Obeying your doctor’s advice on maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
- Taking care of your blood sugar.
- Getting routine medical exams.
- Acquiring knowledge and assistance in diabetes self-management.
Why Does Type 1 Diabetes Occur?
It is believed that an autoimmune reaction is what causes type 1 diabetes (the body attacks itself by mistake). The beta cells, which produce insulin in the pancreas, are destroyed by this process. Before any symptoms show, this process can continue for months or even years.
Some persons are more likely to acquire type 1 diabetes due to specific genes (traits passed down from parent to kid). Even if they carry the genes, many of them won’t get type 1 diabetes. A virus or other environmental cause may potentially contribute to the onset of type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes cannot be brought on by diet or lifestyle choices.
Read Also:- Type 2 diabetes – All details about type 2 diabetes
The signs and risk factors
The first signs of type 1 diabetes may not appear for months or even years. In just a few weeks or months, type 1 diabetes symptoms might appear. Once symptoms start to show, they may be very bad.
Some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes are similar to those of other illnesses. Never guess! Get your blood sugar checked by your doctor if you suspect you may have type 1 diabetes. Diabetes can cause extremely serious, potentially fatal health issues if it is not addressed.
As opposed to prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, the risk factors for type 1 diabetes are less well understood. However, research indicates that ancestry is important.
Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes
You can determine whether you have diabetes using a quick blood test. If you had a test at a health fair or pharmacy, make an appointment with a clinic or doctor to get the results. You can be confident the outcomes are correct in this manner.
Your blood may also be checked for autoantibodies if your doctor suspects type 1 diabetes. These chemicals are frequently present in type 1 diabetes but not in type 2 and show that your body is attacking itself. Ketones may also be checked in your urine. When your body consumes fat for energy, ketones are created. Ketones in the urine are a sign of type 1 diabetes rather than type 2.
Care for Diabetes
Diabetes is handled primarily by you, with assistance from your healthcare team, unlike many other health conditions:
- Primary care physician
- Foot physician
- Eye physician
- Licenced nutritionist and dietitian
- Educator of diabetes, pharmacist
Ask for assistance and support from your family, teachers, and other significant individuals in your life as well. Although managing diabetes might be difficult, anything you do to enhance your health is worthwhile!
You must administer insulin or wear an insulin pump every day if you have type 1 diabetes. Your body needs insulin to regulate blood sugar levels and provide energy. Insulin cannot be taken orally as a tablet. This is because it would be destroyed by the acid in your stomach before it could enter your bloodstream. Together with you, your doctor will determine the insulin kind and dosage that will work best for you.
Additionally, you will require routine blood sugar testing. Ask your doctor what your goal blood sugar levels should be and how frequently you should check it. You can avoid or delay diabetes-related problems by maintaining blood sugar levels as close to target as you can.
Life is full with stress, but it can make controlling diabetes more difficult. It can be more difficult to control your blood sugar levels and take care of your diabetes on a regular basis. Regular exercise, enough rest, and relaxation exercises can all be beneficial. You should discuss these and other stress management techniques with your doctor and diabetes educator.
Additionally, it’s crucial to adopt healthy living habits:
- Choosing wholesome foods
- Engaging in physical activity regulating blood pressure
- The reduction of your cholesterol
Schedule frequent consultations with the medical staff. They’ll assist you in adhering to your treatment strategy and, if necessary, provide fresh suggestions and methods.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hypoglycemia
You must be able to manage these 2 illnesses because they are common consequences of diabetes. Ask your doctor for detailed instructions during a consultation. You might want to take a member of your family with you to the appointment so they can learn the procedures as well.
Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, can strike suddenly and requires prompt medical attention. It is primarily brought on by:
- Excessive insulin.
- Putting off a meal or snack for too long.
- Eating insufficiently.
- Taking part in additional exercise.
If you frequently experience low blood sugar, consult your doctor. There may be a need to alter your treatment strategy.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a dangerous and sometimes fatal diabetes complication. When there is insufficient insulin to allow blood sugar to enter your cells, DKA develops. DKA results from very high blood sugar and low insulin levels. Illness and skipping insulin injections are the two most frequent reasons. Make sure you understand how to avoid and manage DKA by having a conversation with your doctor.
Find out about diabetes
Having a meeting with a diabetes educator is a terrific method to receive support and advice, as well as learn how to:
- Create and follow a strategy for a healthy diet and exercise
- Take a blood sugar test, and record the findings.
- Know the symptoms of high or low blood sugar and how to respond to them.
- Self-inject insulin with a syringe, pen, or pump.
- Keep an eye on your eyes, skin, and feet to see any issues right away.
- Purchase diabetes supplies and organise them correctly.
- Take care of your diabetes while managing your stress.
Ask your doctor to recommend a diabetes educator and to provide information on programmes and resources for diabetes self-management. You can look up programmes in your area by searching this national directoryexternal symbol.